Beginning Geography Lessons

As you may be aware, I am writing a course called Beginning Geography.  It is geared toward younger children who have had little or no teaching on the topic of geography.  These lessons also not only teach geography, they have a purposeful focus on Christian missions in the lessons where the connection is applicable. 

For the next three weeks, I will be sharing sample lessons from this course, so that you can see how I teach geography to young children.  This week’s lesson teaches that the globe is a representation of the world that we live in.  Below you will find the teaching script for lesson two.

Today we are going to talk about a “representation” or a “model”.  I know you must love learning big words so for now I will say representation. What do you think a representation is? (Wait for a few answers.) Somewhere in your house there is probably a representation of you.  If you know where a picture of you is, that is what I am talking about.  Can you find one?  This picture is not really you, but if you showed the picture to someone they might point at it and say, “Hey!  There you are in the picture.”  Of course, we know that the real you is not on that paper.  But the picture is a representation of you. 

In the same way, when you want to invite someone to your house, they may ask where you live.  Your parents don’t carry around a giant-sized picture of the earth to show where you live.  That would just be silly – and really hard to carry.  So they have a much smaller drawing of the world called a globe or map.  Today we are going to learn about globes.

Street Map

A globe is a map that is drawn on a sphere (ball). Let’s look at the globe right now.  The first thing I want you to notice is that on most globes there are two main colors.  Many globes are blue and green.  With those globes the blue represents the water on earth, and the green stands for land. When I say “Land” I mean the dirt and rocks or the ground that you walk on. 

The largest pieces of land that you see represented on the globe are called “continents”.  There are seven continents – Antarctica, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, and Australia (sometimes called Oceania – includes New Zealand and various island groups.) You live on the continent of ______.

This video shows the whole globe and points out each of the continents. 

As we study geography I will teach you about people that live on each continent.  We will try new foods, learn about different kinds of buildings, see man-made and natural landmarks, and learn about missionaries who went to each continent. It is very interesting to learn about the different people around the world.  I think you will enjoy studying geography!

Teaching parent, here is a video to help your children learn the names and shapes of the continents.  Please preview it before you share it with your children. 

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